A/C Repair: What You Can and Cannot Do

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Why Would You Consider Do-It-Yourself (DIY) A/C Repair?

As summer temperatures rise,
it’s natural to want to find ways to save money on your energy bills.
DIY air conditioning repair can help you save money via doing the
work yourself, and you can also learn valuable skills that can be
applied to other areas of your home. With DIY A/C repair, you can
often diagnose problems more quickly than a professional technician,
since you’re familiar with your AC unit and its quirks. This can save
you time and money in the long run.

However, it’s important to note that not all A/C repairs are safe or even possible for
inexperienced homeowners. Before attempting any repairs, it’s
important to understand the risks involved.

Risks of DIY A/C Repair

  1. One of the biggest risks of DIY is the potential for injury.
    Working with electrical systems can be dangerous,
    and improper handling of refrigerants can cause
    serious harm to both you, your property, and the
  2. There is also the risk of further damage to your AC unit. If you don’t know what you’re
    doing, you could cause more harm. This can end up costing you more
    in the long run, as you may need to call in a professional to fix
    the additional AC unit damage you caused.
  3. Attempting DIY repairs can also void your warranty. This can end up costing you more money
    in the long run, as you’ll need to pay for repairs out of pocket.

Understanding Your A/C System Type

Before attempting any DIY A/C repairs, it’s important to have a basic understanding of how your
unit works. The most common type of air conditioning system is the
split system, which consists of an outdoor unit and an indoor unit.
The outdoor unit contains the compressor, while the indoor unit
contains the evaporator coil.

The compressor circulates refrigerant through the system, removing heat from the air and
transferring it outside. The evaporator coil then cools the air and
circulates it back into your home. Understanding this basic process
can help you diagnose and fix problems with your A/C unit.

Types of AC systems are:

  • Central Air Conditioning – A central AC system uses an outdoor compressor unit to cool air, which
    is then distributed through a system of ducts throughout the home.
  • Ductless Mini-Split Air Conditioning – Ductless
    AC systems are composed of an outdoor compressor unit and multiple
    indoor air-handling units. Each indoor unit is connected to the
    outdoor unit through a conduit containing power and refrigerant
  • Window Air Conditioners – The most common type of air conditioning
    system in single rooms or small apartments.
  • Portable Air Conditioners – Self-contained units that are placed in a
    window or through a wall and can be moved from room to room.
  • Hybrid Air Conditioning – Combines a central air conditioning system
    with a ductless mini-split system. This allows you to have the
    benefits of both systems in one.
  • Geothermal Heat Pumps – Energy-efficient systems that use the Earth’s
    natural heat to cool and heat your home.


Common A/C Problems You Can Fix Yourself

Many common problems can be fixed by a homeowner. Here are a few examples:

Dirty Air Filter

One of the most common causes
of A/C problems is also one of the easiest to fix! Over time, the
filter can become clogged with dust and debris, which can restrict
airflow and reduce the efficiency of your unit. Fortunately, changing
the air filter is a simple task that can be done by most homeowners.
Simply locate the filter, remove it from the unit, and replace it
with a new one.

Clogged Condensate Drain

Over time, dirt and debris
can build up in the drain line, causing it to become clogged. This
can lead to water damage and even mold growth in your home. To fix
the problem, locate the drain line and use a wet/dry vacuum to clear
out any debris.

Frozen Evaporator Coil

If your A/C unit is blowing
warm air, the problem may be a frozen evaporator coil. This can be
caused by a number of factors, including low refrigerant levels,
dirty air filters, or a faulty thermostat. To fix the problem, turn
off the unit and let the coil thaw for several hours. Once thawed,
check the refrigerant levels and replace the air filter if necessary.

Safety Precautions to Take Before Attempting DIY A/C Repair

  1. Wear appropriate safety
    goggles and gloves.
  2. Turn off the power to the unit before beginning work.
  3. If you’re working with refrigerants, take
    extra care. Read labels and warning carefully, protect skin, don’t
    breathe in fumes, and keep children and pets away from your work

If you’re not confident of your ability to safely complete repairs, don’t hesitate to call for
professional help.

Tools and Equipment Needed for DIY A/C Repair

You’ll need a few basic tools and pieces of equipment. These may include:

  • Screwdrivers
  • Wrenches
  • Pliers
  • Voltmeter
  • Refrigerant
  • Wet/dry
  • Safety
  • Gloves

It’s important to note that some A/C repairs may require specialized equipment that is not
readily available to homeowners. In these cases, it’s best to call in
a professional.

A/C Problems that Require Professional Help

A number of issues require professional help. These may include:

  • Refrigerant leaks
  • Faulty compressors
  • Electrical problems
  • Complex thermostat issues

If you’re not sure whether a problem requires professional help, it’s best to err on the side of
caution and call in a technician.

Finding a
Trustworthy A/C Repair Service

If you do need to call in a professional for A/C repairs, it’s important to find a trustworthy
service provider. Look for a company with a good reputation, positive
reviews, and a track record of quality work. Additionally, make sure
the company is licensed and insured, and ask for references before
agreeing to any work.


DIY A/C repair can be a great way to save money and learn new skills. However, it’s important to
recognize the risks involved and understand the limitations of your
own knowledge and abilities. Before attempting any repairs, make sure
you have a basic understanding of how your unit works and take the
proper safety precautions. If you’re not comfortable with a
particular repair, it’s best to call in a professional. With the
right combination of DIY skills and professional expertise, you can
keep your A/C unit running smoothly all summer long.


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